Fineness Modulus Astm

2 The fineness modulus of sand shall be not less than I. GMBZ Rod Mill Luoyang Dahua Crusher. FM is the sum of the total percentages retained on each specified sieve divided by 100. 20 So dry bulk volume of the aggregate per unit volume of concrete = 0. C150 Specification for Portland Cement. March 2015 INTERIM No. 7 and from there decreasing for fineness modulus 2. 50 and a maximum 3. The specific gravity was 2. Reports for coarse aggregate shall include source and type, gradation and abrasion loss, deleterious substances, results of sodium or. 1 was changed at CR3 to 2. The larger the fineness modulus is, the coarser the sand will be. Keywords 8. ASTM Standards. To ensure reasonable uniformity in the gradation of successive shipments of lightweight aggregates, fineness modulus determination shall be made periodically. (Issued 1 Mar. The larger the fineness modulus is, the coarser the sand will be. The Bureau of Reclamation requires a fineness modulus between 2. 6% DENSE GRADED/GRANULAR MATERIAL/OGDC Gradation >5. Fine Aggregate The fine aggregate used was natural river sand with a water absorption coefficient of 1. 100, 50, 30, 16, 8, 4) and up to the largest sieve size present. 4 2 83 88 Project Specification, ASTM C-33 Fine Aggregate % Passinq 100 95 to 100 80 to 100 50 to 85 25 to 60 5 to 30 O to 10 2. M) is a ready index of coarseness or fineness of material. For this, six different brick and five different natural stone samples were selected. mixture satisfied ASTM C33. 100) and 75-m (No. -MOISTURE DENSITY CURVE. 78%, fineness modulus = 3. 01 100"ß (Percentage Coarser) 100 90 90 80 80 70 70 60 60 50 40 40 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 0 ‡ªÕ√ 凴 Áπμ å - ¡∑. 15 - 3,38), but with a narrower limit on fineness modulus (2. materials finer than 75 µm (no. dance with the following ASTM methods: 7. The larger the index, the coarser is the fine aggregate. Test#11 Fineness Modulus Determination of fitness modulus on fine aggregate (AASHTO M6) test#13 Soundness of aggregate ASTM c - 88; Test#12 Material Finer 75 Micron Sieve (ASTM C117- Test#11 Fineness Modulus; Test#10: Clay Lumps and friable particles (AASHTO. Test Methods for Fine Aggregate 1 AASHTO T 84 and ASTM C128 Yields less accurate measurements of absorption, Gsb, and Gssd for materials with high P200 content Good Manual 3 days 1. ASTM Standards. Fine aggregate from a source with a fineness modulus variation greater than plus or minus 0. Specific gravity of portland cement is 3. 200) Sieves. 1 : IS SIEVE i) 90µm IS Sieve. 69 and 1690 kg/m3, respectively. 20 either way from the fineness modulus of the representative sample will be rejected. Manual of Aggregate Quality Test Procedures April 16, 2019 HARD COPIES UNCONTROLLED Page i of iv Revision History and Document Control The Manual of Aggregate Quality Test Procedures will be reviewed by the Aggregate Technology Coordinator for adequacy and updated as necessary to reflect the current policies and technology changes. The cumulative percentage retained on each sieve is added and subtracted by 100 gives the value of fineness. Use additional sieves as desired or necessary to provide other information, such as fineness modulus, or to regulate the amount of material on a sieve. Volume of SSD coarse aggregate required = 0. FRP materials have numerous applications, including transportation and construction projects. As the fineness modulus increases the material will tend to be coarser. m -3 , respectively for A 2. (i) To make adjustments for variations in fineness modulus of the fine aggregate as per ASTM C 33, Section 3. The slump should be between 3 and 4 in. The variation of fineness between different brands of cement used for testing is shown is figure 1 (a), all brands shown fineness values according to the limit requirements of ASTM (C 786 - 96) for fineness, larger the fineness larger will be surface area available, which will cause higher early strength and more swift discharge of heat. nationalBureauofstandards Referencebooknoftohe Ubrary,N. Degree of gradation is also called fineness modulus of sand. ASTM allows for an increase in fine aggregates (% passing #50 and #100) if smoother surface finishing is required. 5 mm) as measured at the dead end. Fine aggregate from any one source having a variation in fineness modulus greater than 0. The appropriate range of fineness modulus of the sand aggregate used in normal concrete is 3. Get Price. Cement shall be from certified sources only. 75 mm), a modulus of fineness (3. The grading zone of fine aggregates is limited to those with a finenesss modulus of between 2. To ensure reasonable uniformity in the gradation of successive shipments of lightweight aggregates, fineness modulus determination shall be made periodically. Generally smaller maximum size coarse aggregate is used for higher strength concretes. 100, 52, 25, 14, 7, 3 /16 in. 8500 lb/min (38 kN/min). Fine aggregate from a source with a fineness modulus variation greater than plus or minus 0. Designate or determine the fineness modulus (grading factor) according to the procedure listed in Part V, Section 17 before delivery, or from the first 10 samples tested and accepted. For an updated list, please see the Aggregate Quality List, which is published annually in the Materials Division Manual of Instruction. 1, and is defined as a numeric quantity to control the distribution of filter media particle sizes within the specified range for intermittent sand filters. Water absorption gives an idea of strength of aggregate. abdulsalam Bin Miskeen 3 Megat Azmi Megat Johari4, Zainal Arifin Ahmad5, Almahdi Mohamed6 1 [email protected] Determination of initial and final setting time of hydraulic cement (ASTM C 191-04 a, BS-4550, JIS-R5201) To perform sieve analysis and to determine fineness modulus of aggregate samples (ASTM C 136-05), (ASTM C-117-04) Determination of Relative Density (Specific Gravity) And Water Absorption of Different Aggregate (ASTM C-127/128). Its physical properties were determined per ASTM Standard Specification for Concrete Aggregates (C 33). com, 2 [email protected] Steel grade designation (yield strength) 5. Water: ASTM C 94/C 94M and potable. , D 10 , D 30 , D 60 ), coefficients of concavity and uniformity (C c and C u ) fineness modulus results are automatically calculated from the particle size. ASTM C-430 12 4 Standard Test Method for Density, Specific Gravity and Absorption of Fine Aggregate ASTM C-128 14 5 Standard Test Method for Density, Specific Gravity and. 005mm Fineness Modulus. It doesn’t react with cement. The mortar was considered as a model of concrete, as both contain cement, water, and aggregates. C184 Test Method for Fineness of Hydraulic Cement by the 150-m (No. Admixtures A superplasticizer satisfying the requirements of ASTM C494 for chemical admixtures and an air-entraining agent satisfying the requirements of ASTM C260 were used. 150 #100 6 WAQTC FOP for T-176 Sand Equivalent 0. D2589 Test Method for McNett Wet Classification of Dual Asbestos Fiber. 10 to meet the requirements of US standard ASTM C33. Coarse aggregate: Locally available crushed limestone coarse aggregate with a maximum size of 19 mm that meets the grading requirements of the ASTM C 33-07 # 67 specification [18]. • FM (FINENESS MODULUS) Illinois Ready Mixed Concrete Association Working together to create value, produce quality, teach. This is the civil engineering questions and answers section on "Concrete Technology Section 4" with explanation for various interview, competitive examination and entrance test. ” Crusher sand is preferred in SA. 2 from target. ASTM C33 requires that the fineness modulus of the fine aggregate be maintained within 0. 85 Non-conforming gradation – Allowed in ASTM C-926 based on “demonstrated” performance Water Deionized. 8% maximum Compressive strength (AASHTO T 106) (psi) 3 days 7 days 28 days 1500 minimum 2900 minimum 3600 minimum. Resource of aggregate become exhausted gradually, so utilization technology for aggregate has advanced. 0 Alkali Silica Reactivity, % expansion 0. B-6 JIS A 1102 C 136 Meets ASTM C-33 specifications (as shown in page B-3) Fineness Modulus = 2. Total Percent Passing the #200 Sieve by Washing & Dry Sieving IM 306 Step instructions to determine percent passing the #200 sieve. Apparatus: The apparatus consists of six different types of sieves i. Both medium sand and coarse sand spiked with some fine sand (coarse:fine = 4:1) are applicable. 100g of cement (test sample), Weighing balance which can weight with an accuracy of 1mg, Standard Sieve of size 90 µm, Sieve pan with lid, Sieve Shaking Machine(optional). 4 Fly ash Investigations were made on fly ash procured from Thermal Power Plant, Panipat, Haryana. 20 from the design fineness modulus of the sample may require a concrete mix redesign. Rammed Earth Specifications Part 1 General. Tar get fineness modulus shall be designat ed between 2. The higher the number, the coarser the aggregate. Many FA gradings can have the same fineness modulus. Use additional sieves as desired or necessary to provide other information, such as fineness modulus, or to regulate the amount of material on a sieve. Fineness Modulus of Sand •The fineness modulus is calculated from the particle size distribution of the fine aggregate •Values for sand suitable for concrete should range between 2. -six sieves are used Nos. ASTM Standards. The fineness modulus of fine aggregate from a source must not vary more than 0. Unit weight of steel 7850 kg/m3, cement 1440 kg/m3, sand (dry) 1540 to 1600 Kg/ m3, brick 1600 Kg/ m3, Aggregates 1750 kg/m3, bitumen 1040 kg/m3. -the fineness modulus for a good sand ranges between 2. (All These Tests are available here) QUALITIES OF GOOD SAND. Fine Aggregate The fine aggregate used was natural river sand with a water absorption coefficient of 1. 74 and fineness modulus as 7. 3) Fine Aggregates which consisted of river sand with a maximum size (4. 3 Grading—Test Method C136 and Test Method C117, Procedure A, 7. In a more preferred aspect of the invention, the fly ash has a fineness defined by a fineness modulus of less than about 600, wherein the fineness modulus is calculated as the sum of the percent of fly ash retained on sieves of 0, 1, 1. These materials can exhibit the following properties: Pozzolanic — will not gain strength when mixed with water. 5 mm nominal size was used as coarse aggregate with fineness modulus, specific gravity and bulk density of 7. D1193 Specification for Reagent Water. The AFS Grain Fineness Number (AFS-GFN) is one means of measuring the grain fineness of a sand system. The Fineness Modulus (FM) is an empirical figure obtained by adding the total percentage of the sample of an aggregate retained on each of a specified series of sieves, and dividing the sum by 100. 2 from the approved sample without approval. takenfrofii[heLibrarye MAV161950 FireResistanceofWallsofLightweight- AggregateConcreteMasonryUnits. 100) and 75-m (No. As per the ASTM C33 specif ication [30], the fineness of fine aggregate needs to be in the range of 2. 1 : IS SIEVE i) 90µm IS Sieve. Reports for fine aggregate shall include source and type, gradation and fineness modulus, deleterious substances, water-soluble chloride ion, and sand equivalent. So that, the FM-value of fine aggregate does not have any effects on the properties of the studied concrete mixes. The more the fineness modulus, the coarser will be the aggregate, the lesser the fineness modulus, the finer will be the aggregate. aggregate waqtc fop aastho t 27 / t 11 (18) 40_t27_t11_short_18_errata aggregate 12-1 pub. Part of this section provides an explanation on the definition and function of fineness modulus that goes beyond just the calculation. Fineness Modulus (FM) • A single number system used to express the fineness or coarseness of an aggregate • Higher values indicate coarser gradingHigher values indicate coarser grading • Sum of cumulative % retained on the standard sieves • Certain sieves are NOT counted (even if used) • Can be helpful in calculating blends of two. Coarse aggregate Crushed angular granite metal of 20 mm size from a local source was used as coarse aggregate. ASTM Standards. (c) Uniformity of Supply. The friction of a pavement surface is a function of the surface textures. The fineness modulus must be between 2. Video Fineness of Cement. The appropriate range of fineness modulus of the sand aggregate used in normal concrete is 3. 0) ASTM C 123 0. The fineness modulus (FM) of the fine aggregate is defined as the cumulative percent retained on the 3/8 in. 60 g/cm3 and tap water. 60 Sand Equivalent ASTM D-2419 Value / Index 68 Uniformity Coefficient Regular Spec. Grading, fineness modulus and plasticity index shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed. furnished under this Specification shall conform to AASHTO M 85 for. A typical fineness modulus for fine aggregate used in PCC is between 2. Fineness Modulus > 0. ASTM – Revised 1961 Percent Passing No. 200) Sieves. Date Approved: Mar 31, 2011: Replaces. Rice milling generates a by product know as husk. Admixtures A superplasticizer satisfying the requirements of ASTM C494 for chemical admixtures and an air-entraining agent satisfying the requirements of ASTM C260 were. Modulus of elasticity of a concrete beam as determined by fundamental frequency of transverse vibration, beam dimensions, and weight. ASTM D4464 Type of surfactant and time of agitation will be studied. The gradation, fineness modulus and mortar strengths were determined for all sands. ASTM C – 00 Standard Specification for Aggregate for Job-Mixed Portland Cement-Based Plasters. Fineness Modulus An Overview Sciencedirect Topics. Calculating Fineness Modulus The simple procedure to compute FM requires performing an accurate particle size analysis as detailed in ASTM C136, Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates. 1 ABBREVIATIONS OF NAMES ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials; 1916 Race Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103, USA. CTDOT FORM 817 SUPPLEMENTAL SPECIFICATION 1st Rev. The larger the index, the coarser is the fine aggregate. The grading of the fine aggregate is shown in Table (4). 30 (600 µm), No. 6mm as shown in below figure. March 2015 INTERIM No. The fineness modulus can be looked upon as a weighted average size or a sieve on which the material is retained, and the sieves being counted from the finest. Locally available 4. shall be calculated from the sieve analysis, in accordance with the method given in Appendix B. 100 2 to 15 D. All materials delivered must be adequately stockpiled, stored, and separated with partitions by size. Rotary kiln expanded shale (i. 5 deniers, wherein the basis weight is in the range of 5 to 40 g/m2 and the embossed area ratio is in the range of 6. มาตรฐาน ASTM C 136, C 33. 1 This specification covers the use of coarse aggregates not traditionally used in bituminous paving mixtures. Attach all gradations, admixture material certificates, and testing information. Reports for coarse aggregate shall include source and type, gradation and abrasion loss, deleterious substances, results of sodium or. to be coarser than that permitted by ASTM C 33 (fineness modulus greater that 3. If it does vary by more than 0. The fineness modulus, friable particles, light constituents, organic impurities, material soundness, and sieve analysis of the aggregate shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed. 2) because of the high fines content from the cementitious materi- als. 200) Sieves. Aggregates having more water absorption are more porous in nature and are generally considered unsuitable unless they are found to be acceptable based on strength, impact and hardness tests. Water: ASTM C 94/C 94M and potable. Fineness modulus using No. Overview Fineness of cement is measured by sieving it on standard sieve. The LWA had a 24 h water absorption of 17. D1193 Specification for Reagent Water. 9, this is due. The appropriate range of fineness modulus of the sand aggregate used in normal concrete is 3. 79 g/cc (specific gravity of kerosene) in our calculation (specific gravity of water – 1g/cc). Increasing the fineness increases the rate of hydration of cement, which increases the rate of gain in strength and also the rate at which heat is liberated as in Type III compared with Type I cement (ASTM C150). Four types of powder VEAs were tested. " Coarse aggregate may be available in several different size groups, such as 19 to 4. The higher the FM, the coarser the aggregate. 6% (product A) was found to have lost weight only 0n one side of each of the three specimens subjected to freezing and thawing. Tensile strength, lb/in2 (MPa) 3. 3 Grading—Test Method C136 and Test Method C117, Procedure A, 7. Fineness Modulus is a term used as an index to the fineness or coarseness of sand. ACI Mix Design Practical Example. 1 aggregate; asphalt paving; fine aggregate; paving mix-tures. 00 categories, and can assist with QA and QC testing programs. 20 either way from the fineness modulus of the representative sample will be rejected. 2 percent and of the reproducibility is about 0. It has been modified some over the years and the specification requirements have been. For supply of concrete fine aggregate, it has been found that a Fineness Modulus of between 2. In order to determine the fineness modulus of a fine aggregate the accumulative percentage by weight retained on each of the test sieves Nos. The sand is dried in oven at 1050C for 24 hours before sieving. FM is the sum of the total percentages retained on each specified sieve divided by 100. 8% maximum Compressive strength (AASHTO T 106) (psi) 3 days 7 days 28 days 1500 minimum 2900 minimum 3600 minimum. The waste copper slag can be used as abrasive tools, road. 01g and place it on the sieve. abdulsalam Bin Miskeen 3 Megat Azmi Megat Johari4, Zainal Arifin Ahmad5, Almahdi Mohamed6 1 [email protected] 2 The Contractor shall furnish the fabric form manufacturer’s certificates of compliance for the fabric forms. An ASTM C33 specification stipulates the fineness modulus of sands in concrete. In a more preferred aspect of the invention, the fly ash has a fineness defined by a fineness modulus of less than about 600, wherein the fineness modulus is calculated as the sum of the percent of fly ash retained on sieves of 0, 1, 1. American Society for Testing and Materials(ASTM) speci-fications cover renforcing steel. Fine Aggregate a) Conform to: (1) ASTM C33 b) Gradation – per Table 1. C204 Test Methods for Fineness of Hydraulic Cement by Air-Permeability Apparatus. The degree to which the cement is drawn to smaller and smaller particals is called fineness of cement. 2 •Coarse sand has a higher FM than fine sand •The FM influences the bulk volume of coarse aggregate 19 20. Fineness modulus. It should be noted that one set of cast stone which bad a Cumulative Percent Weight Loss of 6. If the fineness modulus is less than one, then it follows that most of the aggregate fell to the pan and consequently is very fine. Fineness Modulus Sand Equivalency Sample Results, % Passing 100. 02 Coarse Aggregate for Portland Cement Concrete. 01 100"ß (Percentage Coarser) 100 90 90 80 80 70 70 60 60 50 40 40 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 0 ‡ªÕ√ 凴 Áπμ å - ¡∑. Sand Gradation Analysis using ASTM C136 with R Irucka Embry, E. Fineness Modulus. This effectively sets grading limits for fine aggregates. The concrete made with optimized sands showed up to 39% increase in compressive strength. 31 Infiltrator Water Technologies Summary. D1193 Specification for Reagent Water. 691 Absorption, percent 1. Agitate (shake) the sieve by hand. 4) and an absorption value (6. or 50-mm Cube. 2 from target. These materials can exhibit the following properties: Pozzolanic — will not gain strength when mixed with water. Table 1 shows that the ignition loss (LOI) of fineness cement (FC) is high comparing to ASTM Type I cement (OPC) and coarse cement (CC). C150 Specification for Portland Cement. Fine Aggregate The fine aggregate used was natural sand. Also, keep in mind that moisture drive for the slab might be upward, and that capillarity will provide a lot of water to the bottom of the slab in clayey soils. Fineness modulus of the FA is 2. 020mm WAQTC FOP for TP-61 Double Face. 2 is usually recommended for HSHPC to facilitate the workability of fresh mixture (Nawy, 1996). FM is Fineness Modulus (Click here to see how its calculated) VARIOUS LAB TESTS ON SAND. The concrete made with optimized sands showed up to 39% increase in compressive strength. ) (d) Sieve Analysis and Fineness Modulus (ASTM C136). edu/10766 to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. -the fineness modulus for a good sand ranges between 2. Unit weight of steel 7850 kg/m3, cement 1440 kg/m3, sand (dry) 1540 to 1600 Kg/ m3, brick 1600 Kg/ m3, Aggregates 1750 kg/m3, bitumen 1040 kg/m3. 4 Absorption of the fine aggregate 1. ASTM C – 00 Standard Specification for Aggregate for Job-Mixed Portland Cement-Based Plasters. Amount of Material Finer than 75-µm (No. 95-100 ACI: % Stone Volume and Fineness Modulus 50% 52% 54% 56% 58% 60% 62% 64% 66% 68% 70% 2. Fineness modulus of various soil samples in the study area varied from 0. 20 So dry bulk volume of the aggregate per unit volume of concrete = 0. Determination of fineness modulus is considered as a method of standardization of grading of aggregate such as it gives an indication of the probable behaviours of the concrete mix made with aggregate of certain grading, to grade that given aggregate for example the most economical mix and workability with minimum quantity of cement. Fineness Modulus The Fineness Modulus (FM) is an index number which is roughly proportional to the average size of the particles in an aggregate sample. The specific gravity and the water. ASTM C114 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Hydraulic Cement 2011b. 701-03 BLENDED PORTLAND CEMENT SCOPE. I, DANIEL MORRISSEY, Minister for Industry and Commerce, in exercise of the power conferred on me by subsection (3) of section 20 of the Industrial Research and Standards Act, 1946 (No. 3 nor more than 4. This specification covers blended portland cement, for use in portland cement concrete, using. Concrete Materials Product #221 SD Size #1 SD Size #1A ASTM C-33 Size #57 Description Color: Tifton Pink (pink, light red, light purple) Shape: Angular/Cubical Size: US Sieve ¾ 3/4" x #4 (ASTM C33 #67) - Concrete Materials. 1 indicates a considerably coarse grading than that normally associated with the fineness modulus of 3. Fineness Modulus > 0. Fineness Modulus an overview ScienceDirect Topics. ABBREVIATIONS 3. Fly ash is a by-product of the combustion of pulverized coal in electric power generating Among the forty-nine fly ashes tested, only five samples failed the fineness requirements of ASTM C 618. Copper slag is a by-product obtained during smelting and refining of copper. It should be noted that one set of cast stone which bad a Cumulative Percent Weight Loss of 6. (Issued 1 Mar. The properties of the materials are as follows:. 4, 8, 16, 30, 50 and 100) if the fineness modulus of the fine. 200) Sieves. 03 by weight. ” Crusher sand is preferred in SA. The fineness of a given sample of cement is _ _ _ _ % 2. Manual of Aggregate Quality Test Procedures April 16, 2019 HARD COPIES UNCONTROLLED Page i of iv Revision History and Document Control The Manual of Aggregate Quality Test Procedures will be reviewed by the Aggregate Technology Coordinator for adequacy and updated as necessary to reflect the current policies and technology changes. Typical values of fineness modulus range from 2. Fineness modulus using No. Fineness Modulus An Overview Sciencedirect Topics. This FOP covers sieve analysis in accordance with AASHTO T 27-14 and materials finer than 75 µm (No. 2, changes in the mix proportions are needed to provide the same workability. Fineness Modulus The fineness modulus is an indicator of the fineness of an aggregate and is most used for evaluating fine aggregates. vergrain˚ 10 mass. Diameters at various retained percentages (e. The fineness modulus, friable particles, light constituents, organic impurities, material soundness, and sieve analysis of the aggregate shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed. 0 cN/dtex and a fineness of 500 to 20000 dtex. 3%, a moisture content (SSD) of 3%, and a fineness modulus of 2. The sample was oven dried at a temperature of 110 °C ± 5 °C for 24 hours. , 6-in, Nos. A fineness modulus equal to 6 would indicate that none of the aggregate fell to the pan and thus is very coarse. Aggregates: river sand with a fineness modulus of 2. Quality Assurance/ Quality Control 63 Appendix 72. type CP-III (ASTM type IS), river sand with maximum particle size of 4. fineness modulus of 6. 17 Fineness Modulus Versus VMA for Over and Under 10% Passing. 200) sieve is called "fine aggregate" or "sand," and larger aggregate is called "coarse aggregate. 03 by weight. 6mm as shown in below figure. The specific properties of the cement as well as other cement-replacing materials such as VA and FA are given in Table 1. Fineness modulus. Specific gravity of portland cement is 3. ASTM Standards ASTM C897. Same as dynamic modulus. D1193 Specification for Reagent Water. Grading, fineness modulus and plasticity index shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed. edu/10766 to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. 6% following ASTM C128, Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), and Absorption of Fine Aggregate. ASTM Types of Portland Cement. A low fineness modulus requires more cement paste to maintain workability. Also, keep in mind that moisture drive for the slab might be upward, and that capillarity will provide a lot of water to the bottom of the slab in clayey soils. 35 when determined in accordance with the Standard Specifications for Aggregate for Masonry Mortar, ASTM C 144. 23 by volume in the example in-dicates a considerably coarser grading than that normally as-sociated with the fineness modulus of 3. This implies that the weighted average size of a sieve on which the material is retained is between the third sieve, size 0. The fineness modulus given in Table 1 was determined by ASTM Cl36 (Appendix A). Generally, a lower FM results in more paste, making the concrete easier to finish. 200 MATERIAL PROPERTIES Test & Test Method Sample Results 2016 SSPWC Specification Liquid Limit ASTM D4318 No Value - Plasticity Index ASTM D4318 Non-plastic 6 Max. So that, the FM-value of fine aggregate does not have any effects on the properties of the studied concrete mixes. Apparatus Measuring Instruments NAME CAPACITY / RANGE / SIZE ACCURACY / LEAST COUNT Sieve 90 micron mesh — Balance 10g (max. 64 ๐ and 110. ASTM C 33 requires the FM of fine aggregate to be between 2. 20 of the design value. To calculate specific gravity for any material, we have to use water. The cab is designed to offer exceptional all-round visibility, with easy-to-use industry-standard controls, comfortable seating and air conditioning as standard. C150 Specification for Portland Cement. • Sieves: Meeting the requirements of ASTM E11 • Mechanical sieve shaker: Meeting the requirements of AASHTO T 27 • Suitable drying equipment (refer to FOP for AASHTO T 255) • Containers and utensils: A pan or vessel of sufficient size to contain the sample. Agitate (shake) the sieve by hand. 04 - PAGE 3 OF 3. The standard series consists of sieves, each twice the size of the preceding one (ASTM No. Chapter 2 Literature Review The cement should be used according to ASTM C 150-85a, ASTM C 595-85, or an Fineness modulus of sand, water-cement ratio and sand. or [50-mm] Cube Specimens). 100) and 75-m (No. with ASTM C33. Apparatus • Balance or scale: Capacity sufficient for the masses shown in Table 1, accurate to. 1 aggregate; asphalt paving; fine aggregate; paving mix-tures. Fineness modulus of the FA is 2. 2 from the approved sample without approval. E-mail [email protected] ABSTRACT. The Kansas and Wyoming recycled pavements included some recycled fine aggregates, resulting in a fine aggregate grading that was closer to the middle of the specified fineness modulus range (2. Apparatus Measuring Instruments NAME CAPACITY / RANGE / SIZE ACCURACY / LEAST COUNT Sieve 90 micron mesh — Balance 10g (max. Fineness. The larger the fineness modulus is, the coarser the sand will be. Physically, concrete that experiences a drying shrinkage of about 0. D2589 Test Method for McNett Wet Classification of Dual Asbestos Fiber. Control the grading of Type A Fine Aggregate so that the fineness modulus of at least nine out of ten consecutive test samples from a single source delivered to a,project or plant varies less than ± 0. Much of the ensuing discussion with Mr, Gray was concerned with fineness. Quality Assurance/ Quality Control 63 Appendix 72. Consider the following example: The 28-day compressive strength should be 7,000 psi. Absorption CSA A23. utilization of natural resources and to save energy besides minimizing environmental pollution 1 allowing for shaking by the machine for 15 minutes From the particle size distribution of the As per the ASTM C33 specif ication 30 the fineness of fine aggregate needs to be in the range of 23 to 31 Based on the fineness modulus. Particle size distribution of fine and coarse aggregates via sieving determined by percentage of material passing and retained on each sieve and the fineness modulus. Definition: Fineness modulus denotes the relative fineness of the aggregate and it is calculated as 1/100 of the sum of the cumulative percentages retained on the standard sieves during a sieve test (analysis) of aggregates; All full size standard sieves are typically use for calculation (3/8-in, ¾-in, 1 ½-in, 3-in. 1 Chert and cherty stone ASTM C 123/C 295 0. 150 #100 6 WAQTC FOP for T-176 Sand Equivalent 0. As per the ASTM C33 specif ication [30], the fineness of fine aggregate needs to be in the range of 2. The slump range is 4-7 inches. Cement ASTM C150 or C1157 for most Concrete Const. Locally available 4. These include test methods, definitions,. 2) because of the high fines content from the cementitious materi- als. The AFS Grain Fineness Number (AFS-GFN) is one means of measuring the grain fineness of a sand system. Epoxy-coated reinforcing bars shall be epoxy coated by electrostatic spray. Acceptance is based on the manufacturer certifying that it conforms to the following, and the Abrasion Resistance (ASTM C944 2x weight; ground surface) < 0. The study identified a minimum FAA value of 43. , for every kilogram that passed through. 9 ♦ Coarse Sand 2. Fineness modulus - denotes the relative fineness of the sand - one-hundredth of the sum of the cumulative percentages held on the standard sieves in a sieve test of sand. Specific gravity of the FA (SGFA) is 2. Test Method Sample Results Specifications Maximum Dry Density ASTM D1557 - Optimum Moisture ASTM D1557 Construction Materials Engineers, Inc. 1 •Values can [t differ by more than 0. Report the value of R, to the nearest 0. value was 1. 0) ASTM C 123 0. 930 (I) Page 1 of 5 SPECIFICATIONS FOR AGGREGATE FOR PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE. C184 Test Method for Fineness of Hydraulic Cement by the 150-m (No. 200) Sieves. 9, this is due. Water reducing admixture: ASTM C494, Type A or D. 65, a fineness modulus of 3. 08 Less than 0. or 50-mm Cube. 100, 50, 30, 16, 8, 4) and up to the largest sieve size present. exceeded the optional chemical requirement of ASTM C 618 for available alkalies (1. 104-80 Method of Calculation of the Fineness Modulus of Aggregate 105-96 Standard Test Method for Materials Finer than 75-m (No. The average fineness modulus, average particle sizes, average angle of repose and average bulk density were 3. 71 and an apparent specific gravity of 2. Apparatus Measuring Instruments NAME CAPACITY / RANGE / SIZE ACCURACY / LEAST COUNT Sieve 90 micron mesh — Balance 10g (max. In this case as maximum size of aggregate is 20 mm and fineness modulus of fine aggregate is 2. Ackers Distinguished Professor of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering and Director of the Structural Engineering and Materials Laboratory at the University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS. Tar get fineness modulus shall be designat ed between 2. 964 Fineness Modulus = 2. Compressive strength psi (Permitted range of 2000-6000 psi). All fine and coarse aggregates complied with ASTM C33 recommendations. Get Price; coal crusher fineness of 2 x 0 … coal crusher fineness of 2 x 0. gravity of coarse and fine aggregates in SSD condition Absorption characteristics of both coarse and fine aggregates. 7 pH of Soil Fracture Single Face. Young's Modulus or Tensile Modulus alt. 3) Fine Aggregates which consisted of river sand with a maximum size (4. Degree of gradation is also called fineness modulus of sand. Volume of SSD coarse aggregate required = 0. Sand: “ASTM C-897”/ “ASTM C-144” Meets composition requirement Meets fineness modulus – 2. 20 from the base fineness modulus of that source. This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. 12%, respectively. ASTM C29M is used to determine the density of the solid portion of a large number of aggregate particles. -MOISTURE DENSITY CURVE. The appropriate range of fineness modulus of the sand aggregate used in normal concrete is 3. 0 cN/dtex and a fineness of 500 to 20000 dtex. To determine the resilient modulus at given stress state or bulk stress, it is critical to determine the relationship between resilient modulus and stress state. Fineness modulus. Same as dynamic modulus. Fineness Modulus an overview ScienceDirect Topics. MTC LABORATORY VALIDATION REQUEST FORM REV 12 SEP 2017 ASTM C 117-13 Material Finer than 75 µm (No. Silica fume is usually categorized as a supplementary cementitious material. Fine Sand For Use In P. A fineness modulus between 2. Typical values of fineness modulus range from 2. ESTABLISHING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MODULUS OF ELASTICITY AND STRENGTH OF NANO SILICA MODIFIED ROLLER COMPACTED RUBBERCRETE *Bashar S. Assuming normal weight concrete using 3/8 - 1/2 inch aggregate and sand with a fineness modulus of 2. - All bars shall be epoxy coated in accordance with AASHTO M-284. It introduces a parameter known as ‘fineness modulus’, which is a ready index of the coarseness or fineness of fine aggregates. The larger the fineness modulus is, the coarser the sand will be. 67 and fineness modulus of 2. Young's Modulus or Tensile Modulus alt. The fine aggregate used was natural sand having specific gravity of 2. GMBZ Rod Mill Luoyang Dahua Crusher. 23 by volume in the example in-dicates a considerably coarser grading than that normally as-sociated with the fineness modulus of 3. (a) Moisture Content (ASTM C566) (b) Unit Weight and Volume of Voids (ASTM C29) (c) Specific Gravity and Absorption (ASTM C127 for C. 2  The grading of aggregate is shown by means of grading curves One of the most commonly referred practical grading curves are those produced by Road Research Laboratory as shown below; 6. Effects of cement fineness on cement properties. Fundamentally, according to their standards, the fineness modulus for sand in concrete ranges from 2. AFS-GFN gives the metalcasting facility a means to verify its molding sand is staying within specification for the castings being produced and avoid conditions. This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It had a water absorption coefficient of 1. Crushing value apparatus, aggregates testing equipment, controls. 200 sieve) ASTM C 117 0. COMMENTS: “The fineness of cement is not according to the ASTM standard, so the cement is not perfectly fresh therefore it should not be used for making concrete where high strength is required but can be used for low load structures as fineness is not too bad”. D1193 Specification for Reagent Water. The gradations of the 30 sands in percent passing are given in Table 2. edu/10766 to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. C150 Specification for Portland Cement. The larger the fineness modulus is, the coarser the sand will be. D2589 Test Method for McNett Wet Classification of Dual Asbestos Fiber. The aggregate was ultimately accepted based on its local record of use and serviceability as well as acceptable properties of the concrete made with it (as allowed by ASTM C-33). As per the ASTM C33 specif ication [30], the fineness of fine aggregate needs to be in the range of 2. PDF DOWNLOAD with abstract and chapters 1 to 5. 2 for fine and coarse aggregates respectively, Table 1). The residual. 1 GPa Poisson’s Ratio 0. 5 hrs $100 ~ $300 Accuracy, repeatability, and reproducibility are more affected by P200 content and less affected by absorption 2 Modified AASHTO T84 (Removal of. 94 and an apparent specific gravity of 1. But water reacts with cement and forms calcium oxide. It had a water absorption coefficient of 1. Bahan : Pasir. Reports for fine aggregate shall include source and type, gradation and fineness modulus, deleterious substances, water-soluble chloride ion, and sand equivalent. Now, when it is desired to obtain a combined aggregate of a definite (required) fineness modulus, F, the amount of fine aggregate (x) to be mixed with 1 volume of the coarse aggregate of a given fineness modulus can be easily determined from the relationship:. July 10, 2002 - ASTM International 1. Therefore, fineness modulus of aggregate = (cumulative % retained) / 100 = (275/100) = 2. It also states that a “good quality superplasticizer is an essential ingredient of high-strength concrete. Atterberg Limits Tests ASTM D2216 • ASTM D4318 (C c and C u) fineness modulus results are automatically calculated from the particle size distribution curve. The amount of silica sand in the mixtures. 2) ♦ Fine Sand 2. common gradation description for fine aggregate is the fineness modulus. The chemical and physical properties of the fly ash used in the investigation. C184 Test Method for Fineness of Hydraulic Cement by the 150-m (No. , e e ect of Cement Fineness on Concrete”, Fineness of Cement, America n Society for T estin g and Materials , ASTM ST P 473, 1 9 70;7 1-81. 8 95 to 100 No. Fineness Modulus (FM) • A single number system used to express the fineness or coarseness of an aggregate • Higher values indicate coarser gradingHigher values indicate coarser grading • Sum of cumulative % retained on the standard sieves • Certain sieves are NOT counted (even if used) • Can be helpful in calculating blends of two. Fig 4: Fineness modulus Vs slump flow Fig 5: fineness modulus Vs T 50cm time Fig 6: Fineness modulus Vs V- flow in sec Fig 7: fineness modulus Vs blocking ratio Analyzing the results and above figures 4,5,6 and 7 all the fresh properties are rising from fineness modulus 2. 74 and fineness modulus as 7. 8500 lb/min (38 kN/min). It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and. Fineness modulus is a single factor computed from the sieve analysis and is defined as the sum of the cumulative percentages retained on the sieve of the standard series divided by 100. 2  The grading of aggregate is shown by means of grading curves One of the most commonly referred practical grading curves are those produced by Road Research Laboratory as shown below; 6. ASTM C 33, "Standard Specification for Concrete Aggregates," requires that the fineness modulus not vary by more than 0. Percentages retained on each sieve and fineness modulus, by weight and by volume, are computed for compar-ison in the example illustrated in Table 2. For a volume license the PDF is licensed to the person in which it is assigned. 2 ASTM C61798(2003) Standard Practice for Capping Cylindrical angularity, parent rock, as well as fineness modulus. abdulsalam Bin Miskeen 3 Megat Azmi Megat Johari4, Zainal Arifin Ahmad5, Almahdi Mohamed6 1 [email protected]l. The fineness modulus is an indicator of the fineness of the fine aggregate. For conventional concrete the fineness modulus of the fine aggregate should range from 2. It was tested for chemical and physical properties per ASTM C 311. setting time, fineness and soundness of cement • Compressive strength of bricks • Aggregate testing including checking of fineness modulus, density, lumpiness of clay, crushed stone value, flat and elongated particles in coarse aggregate • Density of soil • Testing of polymer (plastics, paint and rubber) materials. Aggregates for Concrete. The fineness modulus (FM) of either fine, coarse, or combined aggregate according to ASTM C125 is calculated by adding the cumulative percentages by mass retained on each of a specified series of sieves and dividing the sum by 100. 4) and an absorption value (6. Fineness modulus, specific gravity and bulk density were 2. Fineness Modulus is basically utilized for the purpose of getting an idea into how fine the aggregate is. Silica fume is usually categorized as a supplementary cementitious material. 3 The various sizes of particles of which the sand is composed shall be uniformly distributed throughout the mass. 30 40 to 75 No. C184 Test Method for Fineness of Hydraulic Cement by the 150-m (No. (c) The fine aggregate has a bulk specific gravity (SSD) of 2. 075 mm Sieve 42 FIGURE 4. Astm aggregate crushing value - Crusher Unit. A Fineness Modulus of up to 3. A fineness modulus between 2. 5 is used; its bulk specific gravity and absorption capacity are 2. 75 is recommended. The specific gravity was 2. Fineness Modulus of Sand •The fineness modulus is calculated from the particle size distribution of the fine aggregate •Values for sand suitable for concrete should range between 2. 0 shale ASTM C 295 0. 1 for FA1, and not less than 3. Fineness Modulus = (6. 3% to resist rutting. 23 by volume in the example in-dicates a considerably coarser grading than that normally as-sociated with the fineness modulus of 3. Jenis agregat kasar yang umum adalah: Batu pecah alami: Bahan ini didapat dari cadas atau batu pecah alami yang digali. 0) at normal grading when added to the mixture resulted in a specific gravity (2. 3 Fineness Modulus. Coarse aggregate: Locally available crushed limestone coarse aggregate with a maximum size of 19 mm that meets the grading requirements of the ASTM C 33-07 # 67 specification [18]. fineness modulus of 2. PDF DOWNLOAD with abstract and chapters 1 to 5. Dynamic modulus at any cycle as a percentage of initial dynamic modulus. 45 was used as fine aggregate in all of the mixes. , 6-in, Nos. These materials can exhibit the following properties: Pozzolanic — will not gain strength when mixed with water. This is why we are using 0. Concrete samples of three. United Kingdom Accreditation Service Fineness Modulus – Calculation only GROUT Flow ASTM C939-02 M, O, S. Fineness modulus of various soil samples in the study area varied from 0. 6 Fineness modulus 2. The fineness modulus of fine aggregate from a source must not vary more than 0. Standard gold is 24 carat (100% pure gold with millesimal fineness 999), 22 carat or millesimal fineness 916, ie. The compressive strength of each sample of size 50 mm3 was tested as per ASTM C109 [9]. The utilization of solid waste is the challenge for the civil and environmental engineers to utilize the waste from different industry to excel the sustainable development, and in the same time, it is matching with the cost concern of the present materials. For supply of concrete fine aggregate, it has been found that a Fineness Modulus of between 2. b Enter data from WSDOT ASA Database. The obtained results indicate that the fine aggregate grading and the sulfate content are within the limits of Iraqi Specification No. Limits specified in ASTM C33 for fine-aggregates. 100) and 75-m (No. How does the fineness to which the clinker is ground affect the properties of the cement? A. Cumulative percentage of weight retained on all the six sieves = 292 Fineness Modulus of Fine Aggregates = 292/100 =2. Theory Fineness modulus of coarse aggregates represents the average size of the particles in the coarse aggregate by an index number. The fineness modulus, friable particles, light constituents, organic impurities, material soundness, and sieve analysis of the aggregate shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed. High strength concrete mixtures will have a high cementitious materials content that increases the heat of hydration and possibly higher shrinkage leading to the potential for cracking. Knowing the fineness modulus of aggregate gives you some indication of the amount of paste needed to make concrete using the aggregate. 20 from the design fineness modulus of the sample may require a concrete mix redesign. 3 Grading—Test Method C136 and Test Method C117, Procedure A, 7. 50 10 to 35 No. • ASTM/AASHTO Test Methods • TDOT Specifications / Forms. 1 85 7) Clay Lumps and Friable Particles (ASTM C-142) Clay Lumps and Friable Particles 0. Fineness modulus of the FA is 2. [14] Higginson, E. 13 was used. Grading Requirements of Fine Aggregates (ASTM C33) Bulking of Sand. The amount of silica sand in the mixtures. The larger the fineness modulus is, the coarser the sand will be. The optimized gradation curves matched with the ASTM limits and the optimized fineness modulus reached within the ASTM limits. Fineness Modulus of Sand •The fineness modulus is calculated from the particle size distribution of the fine aggregate •Values for sand suitable for concrete should range between 2. Full study was conducted by OPC, ASTM Type-1, sand of a constant fineness modulus (FM) of 2. Divide the sum of the six percentages by 100. This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. siliceous sand with fineness modulus of 2. D2589 Test Method for McNett Wet Classification of Dual Asbestos Fiber. A high fineness modulus generally indicates that the aggregate is deficient in. 05 and with a bulk density of 1480 kg /m3which conforms to ASTM C 33-86: 2006. Diameters at various retained percentages (e. The gradation, fineness modulus and mortar strengths were determined for all sands. Specific gravity of portland cement is 3. Grading Requirements of Fine Aggregates (ASTM C33) Bulking of Sand. 2016-11-27. • Fineness Modulus Calculation Fractured Face Count in Crushed Gravel (+3/8") IM 305 Gravel granular subbase requires 30% of the + 3/8" particles have at least one fractured face determined by this test method. 4, 8, 16, 30, 50, and 100. All delivery invoices shall include a standardized Cement. This implies that the weighted average size of a sieve on which the material is retained is between the third sieve, size 0. Absorption CSA A23. Fineness Modulus is basically utilized for the purpose of getting an idea into how fine the aggregate is. 10 Sep 2012 … constant fineness modulus on penetration of chloride ion, compressive strength … Since in the concrete mix design of sand gradation is … samples , chloride ion penetration as one of the parameters related to the concrete durability and in the other hand 7, …. Only two of the sands, i. Sand Gradation Analysis using ASTM C136 with R Irucka Embry, E. The larger the index, the coarser is the fine aggregate. 8% maximum Compressive strength (AASHTO T 106) (psi) 3 days 7 days 28 days 1500 minimum 2900 minimum 3600 minimum. Fineness of Cement. The fineness modulus and the SSD bulk specific gravity of sand were 2. The 45µm sieve residues of the five samples were 40%, 41%, 48%, 63% and 88% with water requirements of 97%, 112%, 93%, 98% and 107%,. The higher the value of FM, the coarser the aggregate. Rammed Earth Specifications Part 1 General. 1 : IS SIEVE i) 90µm IS Sieve.